Is Collective Titling Enough to Protect Forests? Evidence from Afro-Descendant Communities in the Colombian Pacific Region

53 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2019

See all articles by Maria Alejandra Velez

Maria Alejandra Velez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Juan Robalino

Universidad de Costa Rica - School of Economics

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes

Andrea Paz

CUNY - The Graduate Center; City College of New York

Eduardo Pacay

Tropical Agricultural and Higher Education Center

Date Written: February 5, 2019

Abstract

During the mid-1990s, one of the most ambitious land reforms in recent decades took place in Colombia. The reform recognized collective land rights of 5 million hectares by Afro-Colombian groups, with the dual goals of improving livelihoods and preserving valuable ecosystems. We estimate the impact of this collective land titling program on forest cover using panel data and a difference-in-difference empirical strategy. We find that overall, collective titling significantly reduces deforestation rates, but the effect varies substantially by sub-region. We observe that the larger effects are in Nariño and Valle del Cauca especially in places with higher deforestation threat, closer to the forest frontier, to roads, and to navigable rivers, as well as in places without illegal crops. Our qualitative analysis suggest that this might be the result of communities being able to expel private companies from their lands which is more challenging with actors promoting illegal crops. We conclude that under the adequate conditions, titling can lead to forest conservation.

Keywords: Afro-descendants; Collective property; Colombia; Land titling; Forest Cover; Impact Evaluation

JEL Classification: Q15; Q23

Suggested Citation

Velez, Maria Alejandra and Robalino, Juan and Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo and Paz, Andrea and Pacay, Eduardo, Is Collective Titling Enough to Protect Forests? Evidence from Afro-Descendant Communities in the Colombian Pacific Region (February 5, 2019). Documento CEDE No. 2019-03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3334497 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3334497

Maria Alejandra Velez (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

Juan Robalino

Universidad de Costa Rica - School of Economics ( email )

San Jose
Costa Rica

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
339-4949 ext. 2473 (Phone)

Andrea Paz

CUNY - The Graduate Center ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue
New York,, NY 10016
United States

City College of New York ( email )

Convert Avenue at 138th Street
New York, NY 10031
United States

Eduardo Pacay

Tropical Agricultural and Higher Education Center ( email )

Turrialba
Costa Rica

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
83
Abstract Views
575
rank
328,923
PlumX Metrics