Decoupling of Rates of Protein Synthesis from Cell Expansion Leads to Supergrowth
70 Pages Posted: 19 Feb 2019 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Cell growth is a complex process in which cells synthesize cellular components while they increase in size. It is generally assumed that the rate of biosynthesis must somehow be coordinated with the rate of growth in order to maintain intracellular concentrations. However, little is known about potential feedback mechanisms that could achieve proteome homeostasis, or the consequences when this homeostasis is perturbed. Here, we identified conditions in which fission yeast cells are prevented from volume expansion but nevertheless continue to synthesize biomass, leading to global accumulation of proteins and increased cytoplasmic density. Upon removal of these perturbations, this biomass accumulation drove cells to undergo a multi-generational period of “supergrowth” in which rapid volume growth outpaced biosynthesis, returning proteome concentrations back to normal within hours. These findings demonstrate a novel mechanism for global proteome homeostasis based on modulation of volume growth and dilution.
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