International Transatlantic Trade Liberalization: Zooming in on Regional Impacts
Applied Economics, 51(41), 4527-4538, 2019
Posted: 6 Mar 2019 Last revised: 23 Mar 2020
Date Written: February 15, 2019
The current study analyses the impact on a Portuguese small island regional economy, of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) between the EU and the USA. A dynamic Computational General Equilibrium (CGE) model detailing six household categories, forty-five sectors, and four trading partners is used. Previous studies used aggregate variables and, largely, were based on the structure of the national economy. For a small, integrated economy, foreign trade statistics comprise an underestimation, given that most of the trade occurs through national logistics centers. Taking into account the national integration effects, gross domestic value was estimated to be higher than in other studies. Using equivalent variation, the estimated welfare impact is positive for all six household categories. Value added suffers mixed impacts depending on the sector. It is negative for fisheries ambiguous for agriculture and positive for tourism and transportation. The contribution of the current study is to highlight the importance of looking beneath the trade block and national conclusions particularly when regional economic policy is relevant as is the case in Europe. Better knowledge of welfare, regional and sector impacts allows for improved development and mitigation policies.
Keywords: Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Computational General Equilibrium Model, Azores, Trade Impacts on Regions
JEL Classification: B17, C68
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation