The Effect of Family Planning Exposure on Fertility Choices and Reproductive Health Care in Rural Pakistan

Posted: 22 Feb 2019

See all articles by Qaisar Khan

Qaisar Khan

Independent

Shun Wang

KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Date Written: December 1, 2018

Abstract

This paper investigates whether family planning exposure, specifically the Lady Health Worker Program (LHWP), has any effect on women’s fertility choice and utilization of reproductive health care in rural Pakistan. Exploiting variations in program exposure across regions, this paper presents reduced form and instrumental variables estimates of the impact of family planning exposure on women’s fertility choice and reproductive health care utilization. The analysis suggests that, even in the presence of strong son preferences, increasing family planning exposure reduces the probability of women to have another child. Moreover, family planning exposure increases the probability of more antenatal care visits, more antenatal checkup by skilled professionals, and higher chance of delivery in health centers. Lastly, heterogeneity effect of family planning exposure in age and education is observed.

Keywords: Family planning; Fertility choice; Reproductive health care; Lady Health Worker Program; Son preference; Pakistan

JEL Classification: J13; J18; I12; I18

Suggested Citation

Khan, Qaisar and Wang, Shun, The Effect of Family Planning Exposure on Fertility Choices and Reproductive Health Care in Rural Pakistan (December 1, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3336372

Qaisar Khan (Contact Author)

Independent

No Address Available
United States

Shun Wang

KDI School of Public Policy and Management ( email )

P.O. Box 184
Seoul, 130-868
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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