Immigration and Preferences for Redistribution in Europe

66 Pages Posted: 19 Feb 2019 Last revised: 7 May 2021

See all articles by Alberto F. Alesina

Alberto F. Alesina

Harvard University - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Elie Murard

IZA

Hillel Rapoport

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

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Date Written: February 2019

Abstract

We examine the relationship between immigration and attitudes toward redistribution using a newly assembled data set of immigrant stocks for 140 regions of 16 Western European countries. Exploiting within-country variations in the share of immigrants at the regional level, we find that native respondents display lower support for redistribution when the share of immigrants in their residence region is higher. This negative association is driven by regions of countries with relatively large Welfare States and by respondents at the center or at the right of the political spectrum. The effects are also stronger when immigrants originate from Middle-Eastern countries, are less skilled than natives, and experience more residential segregation. These results are unlikely to be driven by immigrants' endogenous location choices.

Suggested Citation

Alesina, Alberto F. and Murard, Elie and Rapoport, Hillel, Immigration and Preferences for Redistribution in Europe (February 2019). NBER Working Paper No. w25562, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3336514

Alberto F. Alesina (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Elie Murard

IZA ( email )

Hillel Rapoport

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

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France

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