Irrigation and Gender Roles
Posted: 10 Mar 2019
Date Written: February 18, 2019
This paper studies the role of irrigation in creating divergent social roles for males and females in the societies. The paper hypothesis that the availability of irrigation infrastructure adversely affects the female labor force participation. Our empirical findings at cross-country and ethnic group level are robust to inclusion of various geographical characteristics, institutions, cultural norms, and contemporary economic and social factors. Using data from various rounds of Demographic and Household Surveys, we establish that the association between the irrigation infrastructure and female labor force participation in micro-level data as well. Further, using irrigation potential as an instrument for irrigation infrastructure, we establish causality between the irrigation infrastructure and female labor force participation.
Keywords: Irrigation, gender roles
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