Irrigation and Gender Roles

Posted: 10 Mar 2019

See all articles by Satyendra Kumar Gupta

Satyendra Kumar Gupta

Jindal School of Goverment and Public Policy, JIndal Global University

Date Written: February 18, 2019

Abstract

This paper studies the role of irrigation in creating divergent social roles for males and females in the societies. The paper hypothesis that the availability of irrigation infrastructure adversely affects the female labor force participation. Our empirical findings at cross-country and ethnic group level are robust to inclusion of various geographical characteristics, institutions, cultural norms, and contemporary economic and social factors. Using data from various rounds of Demographic and Household Surveys, we establish that the association between the irrigation infrastructure and female labor force participation in micro-level data as well. Further, using irrigation potential as an instrument for irrigation infrastructure, we establish causality between the irrigation infrastructure and female labor force participation.

Keywords: Irrigation, gender roles

Suggested Citation

Gupta, Satyendra Kumar, Irrigation and Gender Roles (February 18, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3336693

Satyendra Kumar Gupta (Contact Author)

Jindal School of Goverment and Public Policy, JIndal Global University ( email )

Sonipat
Sonipat
Haryana, 124 001
India

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