A Person-Centered, Latent Profile Analysis of Psychological Capital

Posted: 9 Mar 2019

See all articles by Dirk De Clerq

Dirk De Clerq

Brock University - Faculty of Business

Dave Bouckenooghe

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Usman Raja

Brock University

Date Written: August 2, 2018

Abstract

This inquiry seeks to clarify whether and how various combinations of the four core components of psychological capital (PsyCap) — self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience — differentially affect workplace outcomes. To gain such in-depth understanding, this study undertakes a person-centered, latent profile analysis of PsyCap. Several distinct PsyCap component profiles emerge and remain consistent across two studies; these profiles in turn exert significantly different effects on work engagement and job performance. Compared with a more commonly used variable-centered approach, this person-centered approach represents a valuable complement that can expand the understanding and implications of PsyCap.

Keywords: job performance, latent profile analysis, person-centered research, psychological capital, work engagement

JEL Classification: M10, M19

Suggested Citation

De Clercq, Dirk and Bouckenooghe, Dave and Raja, Usman, A Person-Centered, Latent Profile Analysis of Psychological Capital (August 2, 2018). Australian Journal of Management, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3337033

Dirk De Clercq

Brock University - Faculty of Business ( email )

St. Catharines, Ontario L2S 3A1
Canada

Dave Bouckenooghe (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Usman Raja

Brock University ( email )

500 Glenridge Avenue
St. Catherines, Ontario L2S 3A1
Canada

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