A Person-Centered, Latent Profile Analysis of Psychological Capital
Posted: 9 Mar 2019
Date Written: August 2, 2018
This inquiry seeks to clarify whether and how various combinations of the four core components of psychological capital (PsyCap) — self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience — differentially affect workplace outcomes. To gain such in-depth understanding, this study undertakes a person-centered, latent profile analysis of PsyCap. Several distinct PsyCap component profiles emerge and remain consistent across two studies; these profiles in turn exert significantly different effects on work engagement and job performance. Compared with a more commonly used variable-centered approach, this person-centered approach represents a valuable complement that can expand the understanding and implications of PsyCap.
Keywords: job performance, latent profile analysis, person-centered research, psychological capital, work engagement
JEL Classification: M10, M19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation