Foreign Ownership, Returns to Scale and Productivity: Evidence from UK Manufacturing Establishments

39 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2002

See all articles by Sourafel Girma

Sourafel Girma

Nottingham University Business School

Holger Görg

University of Kiel; Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Date Written: August 2002

Abstract

This paper calculates returns to scale and productivity growth in UK manufacturing establishments in the electronics and food industries. Our results show that foreign establishments tend to have lower returns to scale than their domestic counterparts. We also examine the effect of the acquisition of a domestic establishment by a foreign owner on returns to scale and productivity growth. We use a matching and difference-in-differences methodology which allows us to construct a reasonable counterfactual and to determine the post-acquisition changes in RTS and productivity that can be attributed to the incidence of acquisition, rather than to changes in other external conditions. In both sectors, acquisition has a negative effect on RTS, although the effect appears stronger in the food sector. The effect of foreign acquisition on productivity differs between sectors; establishments in the electronics sector experience a reduction in productivity post acquisition, while plants in the food sector increase productivity.

Keywords: returns to scale, foreign direct investment, acquisitions, productivity

JEL Classification: F23, L11

Suggested Citation

Girma, Sourafel and Gorg, Holger, Foreign Ownership, Returns to Scale and Productivity: Evidence from UK Manufacturing Establishments (August 2002). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3503. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=333720

Sourafel Girma (Contact Author)

Nottingham University Business School ( email )

Jubilee Campus
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom
+44 0 115 8466656 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~lizsmg/

Holger Gorg

University of Kiel ( email )

Olshausenstr. 40
D-24118 Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein 24118
Germany

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

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