Legal Education Unbundled (and Rebundled)

9 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2019

See all articles by Megan M. Carpenter

Megan M. Carpenter

University of New Hampshire School of Law

Date Written: February 19, 2019


This essay calls for an unbundling of legal education, much like the kind of unbundling we have seen in the cable, music, and print news media. It suggests that the standard legal education “bundle” — the generalized JD — is just one of many forms of legal education that can be packaged appropriately for today’s legal education market needs.

For 150 years, law schools and the legal services industry have combined to make legal education a precious commodity, separated from the rest of higher education and packaged, or bundled, in a very specific way. By not responding to market needs and technological developments, we have isolated the construction, interpretation, and operation of law away from many of its subjects and objects. And we have done so at our peril. Technology has led to disruption in the legal services industry and facilitated a growing (and healthy) market for legal professionals outside the JD.

People who need to know something about the law are everywhere — especially in a knowledge economy. Right now, we have an unprecedented opportunity to democratize legal education, to embrace a definition that is various and responsive to market change. Law schools should not be afraid of this. Lawyers should not be afraid of this. The legal services industry is being disrupted whether we like it or not. As leaders in legal education, we should consider who needs knowledge about law and figure out how to leverage our strengths individually and collectively to provide it.

Keywords: Legal Education, Innovation, JD Advantage, Legal Tech, Disruption, Unbundling

Suggested Citation

Carpenter, Megan M., Legal Education Unbundled (and Rebundled) (February 19, 2019). University of Toledo Law Review, 2019. Available at SSRN:

Megan M. Carpenter (Contact Author)

University of New Hampshire School of Law ( email )

Two White Street
Concord, NH 03301
United States
6035135100 (Phone)

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