Future European Alliance - Europe as a Flexible Democracy

14 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2019

Date Written: 2018

Abstract

A reasonable future for Europe can only be achieved if two essential elements are fulfilled: Firstly, newly established institutions must be democratic and have strong support from citizens rather than from national governments. Secondly, the large number of different ethnic, cultural, religious, and regional units existing on the European continent must be able to maintain their identity. This diversity must be institutionally supported rather than be undermined by standardization and centralization. We suggest political institutions, which are formed to meet these goals, following the example of Functional, Overlapping, Competing Jurisdictions (FOCJ). If these two goals are adequately reached, a future alliance raises the identification with the European project, and induces citizens to exhibit civic virtue in strengthening these goals.

Keywords: europe, flexible institutions, identity, diversity, FOCJ, European Union

JEL Classification: H100, H400, K330, P400, P480, R100

Suggested Citation

Frey, Bruno S. and Steuernagel, Armin and Friedrich, Jonas, Future European Alliance - Europe as a Flexible Democracy (2018). CESifo Working Paper No. 7270. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3338595

Bruno S. Frey (Contact Author)

CREMA ( email )

Südstrasse 11
Zurich, CH 8008
Switzerland
+41 44 380 00 78 (Phone)

University of Basel ( email )

Peter Merian-Weg 6
Basel, 4002
Switzerland

Armin Steuernagel

CREMA ( email )

Gellertstrasse 18
Basel
Zurich, CH 8006
Switzerland

Jonas Friedrich

CREMA ( email )

Gellertstrasse 18
Basel
Zurich, CH 8006
Switzerland

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