Gender Norms and Income Misreporting within Households

55 Pages Posted: 29 Nov 2019

See all articles by Anja Roth

Anja Roth

Basel Institute on Governance

Michaela Slotwinski

Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Basel; ZEW Mannheim; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 1, 2019

Abstract

We demonstrate that individuals’ survey responses are prone to the influence of gender norms. Drawing on Swiss and Austrian data combining survey and administrative information for the same couple, we find that couples where the woman outearns her partner misreport their incomes such that they comply with the male breadwinner norm. This introduces a systematic bias into surveyed incomes and leads to a considerable overestimation of policy relevant measures like the gender wage gap, which is frequently based on survey data. Furthermore, surveyed income information can lead to false conclusions about individuals’ labor market behaviour if taken at face value.

Keywords: gender norms, women's relative income shares, combination survey and administrative data

JEL Classification: D100, J010, J160

Suggested Citation

Roth, Anja and Slotwinski, Michaela, Gender Norms and Income Misreporting within Households (November 1, 2019). CESifo Working Paper No. 7298, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3338624 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3338624

Anja Roth (Contact Author)

Basel Institute on Governance ( email )

Steinenring 60
Basel, 4051
Switzerland

Michaela Slotwinski

Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Basel ( email )

ZEW Mannheim ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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