Is it the Gums, Teeth or the Bite? Effectiveness of Dimensions of Enforcement in Curbing Corruption

26 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2019

See all articles by Salvatore Capasso

Salvatore Capasso

Italian National Research Council (CNR)

Rajeev K. Goel

Illinois State University - Department of Economics

James W. Saunoris

Eastern Michigan University

Date Written: 2018

Abstract

Adding a new dimension to determinants of corruption, this paper examines the effectiveness of enforcement in reducing corruption. We compare the influences of latent enforcement (police, judicial, and prosecutorial employment) versus actual enforcement (conviction rates) and enforcing institutions. Results based on data for more than 80 countries show that piecemeal enforcement to combat corruption by increasing enforcement employment is ineffective, rather comprehensive improvements in institutions by strengthening the rule of law or regulatory quality bear greater results. Thus, when it comes to corruption control, strong gums (institutions) are more effective than showing teeth (enforcement employment) or the bite (conviction rates).

Keywords: corruption, enforcement, conviction rate, police, judges, prosecutors, institutions, regulatory quality, rule of law

JEL Classification: K420, F500

Suggested Citation

Capasso, Salvatore and Goel, Rajeev K. and Saunoris, James W., Is it the Gums, Teeth or the Bite? Effectiveness of Dimensions of Enforcement in Curbing Corruption (2018). CESifo Working Paper No. 7316. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3338645

Salvatore Capasso (Contact Author)

Italian National Research Council (CNR) ( email )

Bologna
Italy

Rajeev K. Goel

Illinois State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Normal, IL 61790-4200
United States

James W. Saunoris

Eastern Michigan University ( email )

Eastern Michigan University
Ypsilanti, MI 48197
United States

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