A Residual-Based Threshold Method for Detection of Units that are Too Big to Fail in Large Factor Models
90 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2019
Date Written: 2018
The importance of units with pervasive impacts on a large number of other units in a network has become increasingly recognized in the literature. In this paper we propose a new method to detect such influential or dominant units by basing our analysis on unit-specific residual error variances in the context of a standard factor model, subject to suitable adjustments due to multiple testing. Our proposed method allows us to estimate and identify the dominant units without the a priori knowledge of the interconnections amongst the units, or using a short list of potential dominant units. It is applicable even if the cross section dimension exceeds the time dimension, and most importantly it could end up with none of the units selected as dominant when this is in fact the case. The sequential multiple testing procedure proposed exhibits satisfactory small-sample performance in Monte Carlo simulations and compares well relative to existing approaches. We apply the proposed detection method to sectoral indices of US industrial production, US house price changes by states, and the rates of change of real GDP and real equity prices across the world’s largest economies.
Keywords: dominant units, factor models, systemic risk, cross-sectional dependence, networks
JEL Classification: C180, C230, C550
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