Конкуренция и конкурентная политика: на стыке будущего и прошлого (Competition and Competition Policy: At the Junction of the Future and Past)

68 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2019

See all articles by Andrey Shastitko

Andrey Shastitko

Lomonossov Moscow State University; Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus

Alexander Kurdin

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus; Moscow State University - Faculty of Economics; National Research University Higher School of Economics

Olga Markova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus

Anna Мeleshkina

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus

Anastasia Morosanova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus; Moscow State University - Faculty of Economics

N Pavlova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Institute of Applied Economic Research

Anastasia Shpakova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus

Date Written: February 11, 2019

Abstract

Russian Abstract: В докладе рассмотрены четыре актуальных направления конкурентной политики, связанных как с новыми явлениями, так и с традиционными сюжетами антитраста. 1) Цифровая трансформация ведет к возникновению новых стратегий бизнеса, однако возникают новые источники рисков ограничения конкуренции: алгоритмическое ценообразование, большие данные, многосторонние рынки, платформы. 2) Импорт технологий и политические санкции могут снизить эффективность применения антимонопольного иммунитета для обладателей исключительных прав на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности (РИД). Необходим поэтапный переход к новому режиму антимонопольной политики в сфере обращения РИД. 3) Развитие наднационального антитраста способствует использованию взаимодополняющих возможностей антимонопольных органов разных стран. Барьерами для наднационального антитраста выступают разнородность государств-участников и недостаточная устойчивость наднациональных антимонопольных органов. 4) Проблема двусторонней монополии не теряет актуальности. Высокие трансакционные издержки и отрицательные внешние эффекты от недостижения сторонами договоренности — основание для государственного вмешательства с использованием сравнительных преимуществ антимонопольного органа.

English Abstract: The report reviewed four current areas of competition policy, related both to new phenomena and traditional antitrust plots. 1) Digital transformation leads to the emergence of new business strategies, however, new sources of risks of restricting competition arise: algorithmic pricing, big data, multilateral markets, platforms. 2) Imports of technology and political sanctions can reduce the effectiveness of the use of antitrust immunity for holders of exclusive rights to the results of intellectual activity (RID). A gradual transition to a new regime of anti-monopoly policy in the field of RID circulation is needed. 3) The development of supranational antitrust promotes the use of complementary capabilities of different countries antimonopoly authorities. Barriers to supranational antitrust are the heterogeneity of the participating States and the lack of sustainability of supranational antitrust authorities. 4) The problem of bilateral monopoly does not lose relevance. High transaction costs and negative externalities from the parties' failure to reach an agreement are the basis for government intervention using the comparative advantages of the antimonopoly authority.

Note: Downloadable document is in Russian.

Suggested Citation

Shastitko, Andrey and Kurdin, Alexander and Markova, Olga and Мeleshkina, Anna and Komkova, Anastasia and Pavlova, N and Shpakova, Anastasia, Конкуренция и конкурентная политика: на стыке будущего и прошлого (Competition and Competition Policy: At the Junction of the Future and Past) (February 11, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3339233 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3339233

Andrey Shastitko (Contact Author)

Lomonossov Moscow State University ( email )

1-46 Leninskiye Gory
Moscow, 119991
Russia

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus ( email )

Moscow
Russia

Alexander Kurdin

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus ( email )

Moscow
Russia

Moscow State University - Faculty of Economics ( email )

1-46 Leninskiye Gory
Moscow, 119991
Russia

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

20 Myasnitskaya str.
Moscow, 101000
Russia

Olga Markova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus ( email )

Moscow
Russia

Anna Мeleshkina

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus ( email )

Moscow
Russia

Anastasia Komkova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus ( email )

Moscow
Russia

Moscow State University - Faculty of Economics ( email )

1-46 Leninskiye Gory
Moscow, 119991
Russia

N Pavlova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Institute of Applied Economic Research ( email )

Russia

Anastasia Shpakova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) - Moscow Campus ( email )

Moscow
Russia

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