The Role of Business in Peace Processes in Latin America
Forthcoming, Oxford Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics, edited by Gary Prevost and Harry Vanden
15 Pages Posted: 31 May 2019 Last revised: 5 Jun 2019
Date Written: February 17, 2019
This chapter outlines the various ways in which business has been part of peacebuilding processes in conflict-affected societies in Latin America. With a focus on El Salvador, Guatemala, and Colombia, it shows that there is not a uniform model whereby private sector actors define their interests and strategies in relation to peace talks and peacebuilding processes. Rather, factors related to the nature and intensity of conflict, the economic and international context, company traits and private sector organizational forms, as well as access to the policymaking process play an important role. Whether peace is achieved or not ultimately depends on a variety of factors. However, as illustrated here, business can have an important impact on the holding of talks, on agreement substance, and on the speed and depth of implementation. This chapter is a draft version of a paper that will be published in the Oxford Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics, edited by Gary Prevost and Harry Vanden.
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