Intelligent Protein-Coated Bismuth Sulfide and Manganese Oxide Nanocomposites by Biomineralization for Multimodal Imaging-Guided Enhanced Tumor Therapy
27 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2019 First Look: Preprint
Radiotherapy (RT) has been used clinically to overcome cancer in recent decades. However, the abnormal tumor microenvironment (TME) featured with hypoxia, acidosis, and dense extracellular matrix is found to be related with the resistance of tumors to RT. Herein, intelligent bovine serum albumin (BSA)-coated Bi2S3 and MnO2 (Bi2S3-MnO2) nanocomposites synthesized by biomineralization are capable of modulating hypoxic TME effectively to enhance the efficacy of RT. After intravenous injection, the BSA-Bi2S3-MnO2 nanocomposites show efficient accumulation in tumor where endogenous H2O2 could be reacted with MnO2 to generate oxygen in-situ, leading to increased tumor oxygenation to overcome the hypoxia-associated resistance for RT. Moreover, the photothermal effect induced by BSA-Bi2S3-MnO2 nanocomposites further relieves the hypoxia in TME and finally synergistically improves RT effect. In this work, we present a simple strategy to fabricate intelligent therapeutic nanoparticles for improving therapeutic efficiency in cervical cancer.
Keywords: Biomineralization, Radiotherapy, Tumor microenvironment, Multimodal imaging, Combined therapy
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