Sociological Study of the Suburban-life Pattern and Its Impact on Sustainable Development and Health of Kurdistan, Iran
8 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2019
Date Written: December 30, 2018
The rapid growth of urbanization without the accompanying growth and development of economic and social indicators as a prerequisite for sustainable urbanization has hit the cities with many problems and crises. One of these problems is suburbanization. Suburbanization has devastating effects on sustainable urban development in terms of environmental health, mental health, social health, urban sustainability, etc. The suburbs, with features such as poor quality of life, poor housing conditions, high population density, urban problems, and suburban people, with characteristics such as low levels of literacy, unemployment, insecure jobs, and etc. have created an environment conducive to growth and the emergence of various kinds of social harm such as addiction, theft, spree, sale and consumption of drugs, sale and consumption of alcohol, prostitution, etc., where this would be a serious threat to sustainable urban development and growth. This study is a survey which uses a researcher-made questionnaire and researcher's experience about the suburbs of the cities of Saqez and Sanandaj to examine the suburbanization problem as a serious threat to sustainable urban development. Sample size includes 523 suburban inhabitants of Saqez and 376 inhabitants of the Sanandaj suburbs. Findings of the research show that about 63 percent of respondents were not happy with their neighborhood health or had low satisfaction. The suburban households had, on average, two rooms in terms of housing quantity. About 43 percent of them have evaluated their financial and economic status as bad and weak in terms of the spread of poverty neighborhoods.
Keywords: suburbanization, urban health, urban sustainability development
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