Technical Evaluation of LEED-v4.1-(BD+C: NC) for Rating and Certification of Sustainable New Construction Outside the USA

20 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2019

See all articles by Hazem R. Bonna

Hazem R. Bonna

Ph.D. in Sustainable Construction, Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Cairo

Ahmed S. El-Hakim

Al-Azhar University, Cairo - Department of Civil Engineering

Hatem S. El-Behairy

Al-Azhar University, Cairo - Department of Civil Engineering

Date Written: February 24, 2019

Abstract

Worldwide, all the current sustainable rating and certification systems are targeting fair and applicable rating criteria and conditions to best matching the circumstances and sustainable needs of every nation for their environmental conditions, equity needs, and economic concerns.

This paper is made to evaluate and measure the compliance of LEED-v4.1-(BD+C: NC) sustainable rating and certification system [1] with the sustainability concerns of the new construction (NC) market outside the USA through considering Egypt as an example and conducting a detailed comparative analysis between the LEED-v4.1-(BD+C: NC) sustainable rating and certification system [1] and the authors' proposed sustainable rating and certification system for new construction in Egypt (Bonna (2018) [2]), to highlight most of the missing sustainability rating credits/issues which are necessary for Egypt and not found within the LEED-v4.1-(BD+C: NC) rating system [1].

Zuo and Zhao [3] emphasized that the green buildings in different countries are designed and built according to local climatic conditions and to suit the requirements of the locals and therefore, the assessment criteria for these green buildings are different.

Keywords: LEED, Sustainable, BD+C, New Construction, Egypt, USA

JEL Classification: Q01, Q20, Q34, Q50, Q53, Q54, Q56

Suggested Citation

Bonna, Hazem R. and El-Hakim, Ahmed S. and El-Behairy, Hatem S., Technical Evaluation of LEED-v4.1-(BD+C: NC) for Rating and Certification of Sustainable New Construction Outside the USA (February 24, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3340802 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3340802

Hazem R. Bonna (Contact Author)

Ph.D. in Sustainable Construction, Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Cairo ( email )

Naser City
Autostrade Road
Cairo
Egypt

Ahmed S. El-Hakim

Al-Azhar University, Cairo - Department of Civil Engineering ( email )

Cairo
Egypt

Hatem S. El-Behairy

Al-Azhar University, Cairo - Department of Civil Engineering ( email )

Cairo
Egypt

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