Understanding the Spatial Disparities and Vulnerability of Population Aging in China
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, pages 73-89
17 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2019
Date Written: November 19, 2018
Understanding the regional pattern of population aging in China enables rational policy making to address the challenges of inequity in social welfare and care resources among the east–central–west regions and rural–urban areas of China. This study uses census data in 2000 and 2010, and aging population ratios, annual increase rates, and spatial auto-correlation analysis to examine spatial disparities in population aging in China. The results show that the population is more aged and aging more rapidly in rural areas than in urban areas. Spatial clusters of population aging expanded from the east coastal region in 2000, to inland provinces such as Sichuan and Chongqing in 2010. The vulnerable regions in terms of population aging, health status of the elderly population, and economic level at the prefectural level were also identified.
Keywords: China, population aging, rural and urban areas, spatial disparities, vulnerable regions
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