Understanding the Spatial Disparities and Vulnerability of Population Aging in China

Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, pages 73-89

Crawford School Research Paper

17 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2019

See all articles by Yang Cheng

Yang Cheng

Beijing Normal University (BNU)

Siyao Gao

Beijing Normal University (BNU)

Shuai Li

Beijing Normal University (BNU)

Yuchao Zhang

Independent

Mark Rosenberg

Queen's University

Date Written: November 19, 2018

Abstract

Understanding the regional pattern of population aging in China enables rational policy making to address the challenges of inequity in social welfare and care resources among the east–central–west regions and rural–urban areas of China. This study uses census data in 2000 and 2010, and aging population ratios, annual increase rates, and spatial auto-correlation analysis to examine spatial disparities in population aging in China. The results show that the population is more aged and aging more rapidly in rural areas than in urban areas. Spatial clusters of population aging expanded from the east coastal region in 2000, to inland provinces such as Sichuan and Chongqing in 2010. The vulnerable regions in terms of population aging, health status of the elderly population, and economic level at the prefectural level were also identified.

Keywords: China, population aging, rural and urban areas, spatial disparities, vulnerable regions

Suggested Citation

Cheng, Yang and Gao, Siyao and Li, Shuai and Zhang, Yuchao and Rosenberg, Mark, Understanding the Spatial Disparities and Vulnerability of Population Aging in China (November 19, 2018). Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, pages 73-89; Crawford School Research Paper . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3341018

Yang Cheng (Contact Author)

Beijing Normal University (BNU) ( email )

19 Xinjiekou Outer St
Haidian District
Beijing, Guangdong 100875
China

Siyao Gao

Beijing Normal University (BNU) ( email )

19 Xinjiekou Outer St
Haidian District
Beijing, Guangdong 100875
China

Shuai Li

Beijing Normal University (BNU) ( email )

19 Xinjiekou Outer St
Haidian District
Beijing, Guangdong 100875
China

Yuchao Zhang

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Mark Rosenberg

Queen's University ( email )

Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6
Canada

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