Local Economic Freedom & Creative Destruction in America

Baylor Business, John F. Baugh Center for Entrepreneurship and Free Enterprise: Research Working Paper 2019-07

64 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2019

Date Written: March 2019

Abstract

Economic freedom facilitates the market selection mechanism that enables the Schumpeterian creative destruction process. I develop a framework depicting how economic freedom, which reduces entry barriers and transactions costs, acts as an external enabler that facilitates the creation of firms and jobs. It also facilitates the market correction device, potentially serving as a disabling force to allow firm and job destruction. Using a novel MSA-level dataset, I investigate empirically the role of local economic freedom on dynamism over the period 1972-2012. My results confirm that economic freedom is positively associated with firm and job creation, but it has no effect on firm and job destruction.

Keywords: Creative Destruction, Dynamism, Economic Freedom, Entrepreneurial Ecosystems, External Enablers, Firm Entry, Firm Exit, Job Dynamics, Public Policy, Regional Entrepreneurship

JEL Classification: H32, H71, J08, L26, L53, M13, O43, P10, R11, R50

Suggested Citation

Bennett, Daniel, Local Economic Freedom & Creative Destruction in America (March 2019). Baylor Business, John F. Baugh Center for Entrepreneurship and Free Enterprise: Research Working Paper 2019-07 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3341530 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3341530

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