Visceral Influences and Gender Difference in Competitiveness

51 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2019 Last revised: 17 Mar 2022

See all articles by Jingcheng Fu

Jingcheng Fu

National University of Singapore (NUS), Department of Economics

Songfa Zhong

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 10, 2022

Abstract

Building on the much-celebrated sex-specific hypothesis on visceral responses, here we examine whether the well-replicated gender difference in competitiveness may be influenced by the visceral responses. In the first experiment, we show that the gender difference in competitiveness is partially explained by the arousal of sex hormones. In the second experiment, we observe that the gender gap is reduced by introducing a resting period. Our results contribute to literature on gender difference in the willingness to compete and suggest that mitigating visceral influences is beneficial for gender equality.

Keywords: tournament, piece rate, competitiveness, visceral influences, sex hormone, gender difference, experiment

JEL Classification: C91, D91, J16

Suggested Citation

Fu, Jingcheng and Zhong, Songfa, Visceral Influences and Gender Difference in Competitiveness (March 10, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3341678 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3341678

Jingcheng Fu

National University of Singapore (NUS), Department of Economics ( email )

Singapore
Singapore

Songfa Zhong (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Economics ( email )

1 Arts Link, AS2 #06-02
Singapore 117570, Singapore 119077
Singapore

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