Burden-Sharing, Geopolitics, and Strategy in NATO’s Black Sea Littoral States

42 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2019

See all articles by Jordan Becker

Jordan Becker

King's College London; United States Military Academy, Department of Social Science; Vesalius College; Free University of Brussels (VUB)-Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Institute for European Studies, Students

Date Written: February 27, 2019

Abstract

The allocation of scarce resources is a grand strategic question – burden-sharing behavior has clear effects on states’ ability to contribute to collective defense. I operationalize transatlantic burden-sharing in line with NATO’s “Cash, Capabilities, and Contributions” approach for a mixed-methods analysis of the burden-sharing behavior of NATO’s Black Sea littoral states – Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey. Using a multi-method analytical approach, I find that national and particularly regional political economies drive burden-sharing choices more than geostrategy, at least in the current strategic environment.

Specifically, Bulgaria appears to be hedging between Russia, NATO, and the European Union, resulting in rhetorical commitments to NATO and the EU but limited behavioral changes. Romania, on the other hand, seems to be prioritizing protection from NATO against Russia in an almost obsequious way, rapidly increasing defense spending to meet the Wales Pledge criteria. Finally, Turkey has focused on terrorism and its Kurdish issue, both within its own borders and in neighboring Syria, testing allies’ loyalty.

Suggested Citation

Becker, Jordan, Burden-Sharing, Geopolitics, and Strategy in NATO’s Black Sea Littoral States (February 27, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3343523 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3343523

Jordan Becker (Contact Author)

King's College London ( email )

King's College London Strand
London, WC2R 2LS
United Kingdom

United States Military Academy, Department of Social Science ( email )

600 Thayer Rd
West Point, NY 10996
United States

Vesalius College ( email )

Pleinlaan 2
Brussels, B-1050
Belgium

Free University of Brussels (VUB)-Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Institute for European Studies, Students ( email )

Ixelles
Belgium

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
107
Abstract Views
472
rank
311,398
PlumX Metrics