A Roma European Crisis Road-Map: A Holistic Answer to a Complex Problem
In T. Magazzini and S. Piemontese (eds.), Constructing Roma Migrants: European Narratives and Local Governance, IMISCOE Research Series. Springer, Cham, 31-49 (2019)
19 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2019
Date Written: February 23, 2019
This contribution explores the adequacy of EU action with regard to Roma minorities. The expulsion of large numbers of Roma individuals, accompanied by other discriminatory practices and forms of hostility, exclusion and violence against the Roma across Europe, has brought the attention of the media and policy makers to Roma issues to a greater extent than ever before during the last decade. The range of problems still afflicting the lives of many Roma nowadays is extremely wide, well researched and profusely documented. This contribution leaves aside issues related to free movement and EU citizenship, thus moving the debate beyond the narrow framework of the ‘migrant Roma’. The contribution considers the wide range of relevant EU competences in this field, and assesses how comprehensive and appropriate the EU’s approach to Roma issues is. The analysis combines legal instruments, policy papers, and case law, draws from legal and non-legal literature, and integrates considerations of social, economic and cultural nature. In the process, this contribution considers themes that cut across several strands of the EU’s Roma policy, including fundamental rights, intercultural sensitivity, the limits of the ‘integration model’, and issues of enforcement, monitoring and funding. The logical narrative developed puts together the key jigsaw pieces that currently contribute to a EU Roma policy, and clearly identifies the limitations of the current state of affairs. Finally, this contribution interrogates the trends underlying the development of the EU Roma policy and puts forward a range of recommendations.
Keywords: Roma, minorities, EU law, EU policy, discrimination, human rights, Strasbourg, ECHR, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention on Human Rights, holistic approach
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