Effects of Health Insurance on Birth Weight in Mexico

Health Economics, 27(8):149-1159, August 2018

Posted: 25 Mar 2019

See all articles by Santosh Kumar

Santosh Kumar

Department of Economics and International Business, College of Business Administration, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA

Fidel Gonzalez

Sam Houston State University - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics and International Business

Date Written: May 8, 2018

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of mother's insurance coverage on neonatal outcomes in Mexico using hospital‐based administrative data. Using an instrumental variable approach to identify the causal effects of health insurance on infant health, we find that mother's insurance coverage has positive impacts on neonatal outcomes. Children born to insured mothers weighed 108 g higher and had reduced probability of low birth weight by 7.5 percentage points. These effects appear to be stronger for mothers with higher levels of education and in municipalities with a higher development index. Findings indicate that expanding insurance coverage could be helpful in improving neonatal outcomes in resource‐constrained countries.

Keywords: Insurance, Birth weight, Mexico, Instrumental variable

JEL Classification: I13; I15

Suggested Citation

Kumar, Santosh and Gonzalez, Fidel, Effects of Health Insurance on Birth Weight in Mexico (May 8, 2018). Health Economics, 27(8):149-1159, August 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3344896

Santosh Kumar (Contact Author)

Department of Economics and International Business, College of Business Administration, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA ( email )

1821 Ave I
SHSU Box 2118
Huntsville, TX 77341-2118
United States

Fidel Gonzalez

Sam Houston State University - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics and International Business ( email )

Huntsville, TX 77341-2118
United States

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