Regulation, Innovation, and Technology for 21st Century Energy Goals
Journal of Law and Cyber Warfare, Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 30-107, 2020
85 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2019 Last revised: 3 Jun 2020
Date Written: June 3, 2020
Energy is a key concern for every country, as it is inextricably linked with economic growth and sustainable development. As the world transitions to 21st century approaches to energy, numerous challenges arise to the forefront. These challenges include the crucial need for clean and renewable energy and transitioning away from fossil fuels, energy efficiency, energy security, and affordable energy for all. Achieving these goals involves innovation, investment, smart policies, and technological advancement. This article examines how two countries—The Republic of Ireland and Estonia—are faring towards achieving the above objectives. Both countries have implemented relevant measures and policies, such as the deployment of smart meters and grids, demand response, and promoting electric vehicles. However, both still need to take steps to accelerate progress. Many of their schemes could serve as models for other countries seeking to effectively decarbonize.
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