Fraudulent Financial Reporting and the Consequences for Employees
87 Pages Posted: 8 May 2019 Last revised: 9 Jan 2023
Date Written: September 5, 2022
We combine U.S. Census data with SEC enforcement actions to examine employees’ outcomes, such as wages and turnover, before, during, and after periods of fraudulent financial reporting. We find that fraud firms’ employees lose about 50% of cumulative annual wages, compared to a matched sample, and the separation rate is much higher after fraud periods. Yet, employment growth at fraud firms is positive during fraud periods; these firms overbuild and hire new, lower-paid employees as part of the fraud, unlike firms in distress which tend to contract. When the fraud is revealed, firms shed workers, unwinding this abnormal growth and resulting in most of the negative wage consequences. Wage outcomes are worse in thin labor markets, and low wage employees, though unlikely to have perpetrated the fraud, experience more severe wage losses.
Keywords: Wages, Employment Growth, Accounting Fraud, Information Asymmetry
JEL Classification: D83, J23, J31, M48, M51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation