The Real Effects of Secondary Markets on Innovation
54 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2019 Last revised: 27 Oct 2020
Date Written: October 26, 2020
In theory, financial markets promote innovation by selectively allocating capital to high-quality projects. In this paper, I show that secondary markets can inhibit innovation by permanently delaying option exercise and reducing a firm's ability to allocate capital efficiently. I find that short-term equity market declines cause pharmaceutical companies to abandon early-stage drug developments irrespective of drug quality or changes in a firm's stock price. I show that discount rate changes and financing constraints drive this behavior. My results demonstrate that even short-term market fluctuations can have long-term effects on pharmaceutical innovation and prevent potentially life-saving drugs from progressing to the market.
Keywords: Investment, Innovation, Market Downturns, Secondary Markets, Pharmaceutical Industry
JEL Classification: C26, D53, E44, G01, G14, G32, O16, O32
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