Development of Rain Water Harvesting System through National Highway Profiles by Using GIS and Field Survey

5 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2019

See all articles by Sangeeta Choudhary

Sangeeta Choudhary

Techno India

Shiva Chouhan

Techno India, Students

Mohit Jain

Techno India, Students

Kamlesh Panchal

Techno India, Students

Yash Bhardwaj

Techno India, Students

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 7, 2019

Abstract

In last few decades groundwater recharge has reduced and surface water runoff has increased due to increase in built-up areas. Most of the rainwater is wasted due to the runoff in absence of proper water harvesting plan. It is required to develop a technique to harvest rainwater from all possible ways. It is easy to implement the project of rainwater harvesting system on National Highways. Longitudinal as well as cross-sectional slopes of National Highways are already very accurate to channelize the rainwater for harvesting. In this study, an integrated approach for assessing the rainwater harvesting capacity in minimum cost by using GIS and field survey approach for the study area on National Highway 27, Udaipur bypass. In a pilot study of 5 km segment of National Highway 27, it is found that 65 million liters of water can be harnessed for future use by 2000 villagers for about 240 days with per capita consumption of 135 lpcd (litre per capita demand). RS and GIS provide a good opportunity to gain a better understanding of contour pattern, natural and manmade profiles. The result indicates the application of GIS techniques help for conducting detailed field survey for planning the proper drainage system along the highways to store rainwater in the nearest reservoir. The socioeconomic survey was also conducted to select a good insight into the local situation.

Keywords: Water Runoff; Water Harvesting; National Highway; Longitudinal and Sectional Slopes; RS and GIS; Field Survey

Suggested Citation

Choudhary, Sangeeta and Chouhan, Shiva and Jain, Mohit and Panchal, Kamlesh and Bhardwaj, Yash, Development of Rain Water Harvesting System through National Highway Profiles by Using GIS and Field Survey (March 7, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3348303 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3348303

Sangeeta Choudhary (Contact Author)

Techno India ( email )

Nir Plot- SPL-T, Bhamashah
RIICO Industrial Area, Kaladwas
Udaipur
India

Shiva Chouhan

Techno India, Students ( email )

India

Mohit Jain

Techno India, Students ( email )

India

Kamlesh Panchal

Techno India, Students ( email )

UDAIPUR
India
978308911 (Phone)

Yash Bhardwaj

Techno India, Students

India

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