Constitutional Law France

27 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2019

See all articles by Marie-Luce Paris

Marie-Luce Paris

Sutherland School of Law, University College Dublin

Julie Foulon

Sutherland School of Law, University College Dublin

Hugo-Bernard Pouillaude

University of Paris-Est Créteil

Julien Sterck

Court of Justice of the European Union

Juliette Fauvarque

Independent

Emma Keane

Office of the Attorney General, Ireland

Date Written: March 8, 2019

Abstract

In order to understand the present, one must be aware of past events. Each political regime stems from a reaction to previous regimes. The current French constitutional and political regime is no exception as it is made up of a complex sum of reactions―positive and negative―to a long line of constitutional experiments. In that respect, it is generally agreed that the landmark starting point is the Revolution of 1789. Although there was an organized polity under the old regime (Ancien Régime), with a kind of customary constitution as embedded in the fundamental laws of the Kingdom, there was no constitution in the modern sense―that is understood as a set of rules and principles regulating the relationships between government and those being governed. The Revolution of 1789 represents this significant break from previous political tenets. While representing a significant trauma in the French society at the time, it really marked a fresh start towards the institutional and constitutional principles as we know them today, which include the separation of powers, the principle of a bill of rights, the primacy of the constitution, the principle of sovereignty and the right of suffrage.

Keywords: French, Constitution, Law

Suggested Citation

Paris, Marie-Luce and Foulon, Julie and Pouillaude, Hugo-Bernard and Sterck, Julien and Fauvarque, Juliette and Keane, Emma, Constitutional Law France (March 8, 2019). UCD Working Papers in Law, Criminology & Socio-Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10/2019 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3349254 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3349254

Marie-Luce Paris (Contact Author)

Sutherland School of Law, University College Dublin ( email )

Belfield
Dublin 4
Ireland

Julie Foulon

Sutherland School of Law, University College Dublin ( email )

Belfield
Dublin 4
Ireland

Hugo-Bernard Pouillaude

University of Paris-Est Créteil ( email )

Paris
France

Julien Sterck

Court of Justice of the European Union ( email )

Boulevard Konrad Adenauer
Kirchberg, L-2925
Luxembourg

Juliette Fauvarque

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Emma Keane

Office of the Attorney General, Ireland ( email )

Ireland

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