The Effects of Regulations on Private School Choice Program Participation: Experimental Evidence from California and New York

38 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2019

See all articles by Corey DeAngelis

Corey DeAngelis

Reason Foundation; Cato Institute

Lindsey Burke

The Heritage Foundation

Patrick Wolf

University of Arkansas - Department of Education Reform

Date Written: March 12, 2019

Abstract

Although private school voucher programs provide subsidies to students for tuition and other education-related costs, private school leaders weigh program participation against any associated regulatory costs. The higher the regulatory costs of participation, the less likely a private school is to participate in a school voucher program. Since we do not know with certainty which regulations will be viewed by school leaders as more or less costly, we explore whether specific regulations that are common to private school choice programs do or do not deter likely voucher program participation.

We use surveys to randomly assign different regulations to 4,825 private school leaders in the states of California and New York and ask them whether or not they would participate in a new private school choice program during the following school year. Relative to no regulations, our most conservative models find that open-enrollment mandates reduce the likelihood that private school leaders are certain to participate in a hypothetical choice program by about 19 percentage points, or 60 percent. State standardized testing requirements reduce the likelihood that private school leaders are certain to participate by 9 percentage points, or 29 percent. We find no evidence to suggest that the prohibition of copayment or nationally norm-referenced testing requirements affect the overall willingness to participate in a school choice program.

Keywords: private school, school choice, school vouchers, schooling supply, regulations

JEL Classification: I28, I20

Suggested Citation

DeAngelis, Corey and Burke, Lindsey and Wolf, Patrick, The Effects of Regulations on Private School Choice Program Participation: Experimental Evidence from California and New York (March 12, 2019). EDRE Working Paper No. 2019-07. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3349453 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3349453

Corey DeAngelis (Contact Author)

Reason Foundation ( email )

1747 Connecticut Ave NW
Washington, DC 20009
United States

Cato Institute ( email )

1000 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20001-5403
United States

Lindsey Burke

The Heritage Foundation ( email )

214 Massachusetts Ave NE
Washington, DC 20002-4999
United States

Patrick Wolf

University of Arkansas - Department of Education Reform ( email )

201 Graduate Education Building
Fayetteville, AR 72701
United States

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