How Does Inequality of Opportunities Affect the Distribution of Economic Wellbeing in Cameroon?

18 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2019

See all articles by Prevost Fotso

Prevost Fotso

University of Dschang; Faculty of Econmics and Management

Paul Ningaye

University of Dschang

Talla Dieu Ne Dort

University of Dschang

Date Written: March 1, 2019

Abstract

The objective of this study is to measure the empirical effects of inequality of opportunities (IOP) on the distribution of economic wellbeing, which is captured by consumption per adult equivalent of households in Cameroon. To this effect, we apply both the parametric and non-parametric approaches to measure the magnitude of IOP, and Shapley’s method for its decomposition. The results show that IOP has an estimated effect of 25% in 2001 and 35% in 2007. Its main sources are the agro-ecological zone with a contribution of 45.59% in 2001 and 44% in 2007, the place of residence with a contribution of 31.22% in 2001 and 29.49% in 2007, and the distance relative to a good road with a contribution of 12.57% and 13.83%, respectively. We recommend that the government should reinforce national integration policies for local agricultural product markets. She should also extend in rural areas, vocational training that characterizes human capital in urban areas; and she should expand and improve road infrastructure, especially in rural areas.

Keywords: Inequality of Opportunities, Human Development, Wellbeing

JEL Classification: D63, I38, O15

Suggested Citation

Fotso Koyeu, Fourier Prevost and Ningaye, Paul and Dort, Talla Dieu Ne, How Does Inequality of Opportunities Affect the Distribution of Economic Wellbeing in Cameroon? (March 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3349930 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3349930

Fourier Prevost Fotso Koyeu (Contact Author)

University of Dschang ( email )

Dschang
Cameroon

Faculty of Econmics and Management ( email )

Dschang
Cameroon

Paul Ningaye

University of Dschang ( email )

Dschang
Dschang
West 96
Cameroon

Talla Dieu Ne Dort

University of Dschang ( email )

PO BOX 110 Dschang
Dschang, west +237
Cameroon
(+237) 79 62 47 09 (Phone)

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