Extending WordNet with UFO Foundational Ontology
17 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2019 Publication Status: Accepted
WordNet is a large lexical database used by an uncountable number of applications for computational linguistics. Many proposals have attempted to better describe it in a semantic perspective, especially addressing synonymy, taxonomy and mereology properties, which led to very good results in domain-specific applications. A philosophical shift on this semantic description could, however, improve the scope of these results across different domains. In this direction, this work extends WordNet's semantic knowledge by addressing philosophical meta-properties. Specifically, we apply the notion of Semantic Types to propose mapping rules between the noun synsets of Wordnet and the top-level constructs of a foundational ontology. For this task we have chosen the Uni ed Foundational Ontology (UFO), which explicitly exposes philosophical meta-properties of concepts in its structure, leading to a well-founded semantically-enriched version of Wordnet. The proposed rules were validated through an experiment over approximately 5; 200 sample mappings, obtaining an average accuracy of 93.5% Furthermore, to show its applicability, the proposal was applied to the task of automatically learning a well-founded domain ontology.
Keywords: WordNet, Semantic Types, United Foundational Ontology, Ontology Learning
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