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Contagion of Violence Across the Life Course: Phenotypes of Child Maltreatment, Intimate Partner Violence and Elder Abuse in a U.S. Chinese Population

25 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2019

See all articles by Bei Wang

Bei Wang

Rutgers University, New Brunswick - Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research

XinQi Dong

Rutgers University, New Brunswick - Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research

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Abstract

Background: Victims of interpersonal violence might have higher risks of re-experiencing violence, which has been insufficiently examined among the older populations. Even less is known about the interconnectedness among violence phenotypes in minority populations.

Method: The study used cross-sectional data collected of 3,157 U.S. Chinese older adults (aged 60 or older) in Chicago to assess phenotypes (psychological, physical/sexual, financial exploitation, caregiver neglect) of child maltreatment (CM), intimate partner violence (IPV), and elder abuse (EA). Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine interconnectedness among these relationships.

Findings: Prevalence of interpersonal violence was 11·4% for CM (physical/sexual 10·2%, psychological: 2·4%), 6·5% for IPV (psychological: 5·3%, physical/sexual: 2·8%), and 15·2% for EA (caregiver neglect: 11·2%, psychological: 9·8%, financial exploitation: 9·3%, physical/sexual: 1·2%). After adjusting for potential confounding variables, CM psychological was associated with increased risks for IPV psychological (OR 7·60, 95% CI 4·29-13·45), IPV physical/sexual (OR 4·06 CI 1·71-9·63), EA psychological (OR 3·79, 95% CI 2·20-6·51), and EA financial exploitation (OR 2·07, 95% CI 1·12-3·81). CM physical/sexual was associated with increased risks for IPV physical/sexual (OR 1·86, 95% CI 1·02-3·38), EA psychological (OR 1·70, 95% CI 1·20-2·42) and EA financial exploitation (OR 2·38, 95% CI 1·72, 3·30). IPV were associated with increased risks for all EA subtypes except for caregiver neglect.

Interpretation: Professionals working with older adults should be informed that a history of interpersonal violence might further predispose one to EA. The cumulative impact of violence should also be considered when providing services or care to violence victims.  

Funding Statement:The authors declare: "None to report."

Declaration of Interests: The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest regarding the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Ethics Approval Statement:  The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Rush University Medical Center.

Suggested Citation

Wang, Bei and Dong, XinQi, Contagion of Violence Across the Life Course: Phenotypes of Child Maltreatment, Intimate Partner Violence and Elder Abuse in a U.S. Chinese Population (March 11, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3350551

Bei Wang

Rutgers University, New Brunswick - Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research

New Brunswick, NJ
United States

XinQi Dong (Contact Author)

Rutgers University, New Brunswick - Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research ( email )

New Brunswick, NJ
United States

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