Price Pressure and Efficiency on FOMC Announcements
45 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2019
Date Written: March 11, 2019
We examine the impact of the surge in trading activity following FOMC announcements on price discovery in the equity market, in particular in the highly liquid S&P 500 E-mini futures. In contrast to the hypothesis that all trading reflects learning about these public news announcements, we find that trading is associated with a decrease in price informativeness and order imbalances generate substantial price reversals reaching 60 basis points even at horizons of several hours. Our findings show that price pressure is prevalent in the most liquid assets following public news and have direct implications for measuring the impact of monetary policy news on equity prices.
Keywords: FOMC announcements, market efficiency, price discovery, price pressure
JEL Classification: E50, G12, G14
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