When Women are the Criminals: Governing Violent Extremism in Malaysia Via ‘Hard’ and ‘Soft’ Modalities

Global J. Bus. Soc. Sci. Review 7 (1) 48 – 53 (2019)

6 Pages Posted: 1 May 2019

See all articles by Zaiton Hamin

Zaiton Hamin

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) - Faculty of Law

Saslina Kamaruddin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: February 20, 2019

Abstract

Objective - This paper seeks to examine the multiple roles of women in preventing and countering violent extremism (PVE/CVE) efforts and the existing legal ('hard') and non-legal ('soft') modalities governing such criminality.

Methodology/Technique - This paper adopts a library-based research methodology through not only the conceptual analysis but also content analysis and doctrinal legal analysis. The secondary data consists of the primary sources, which includes the terrorism-related laws and the Penal Code. The secondary sources include books, law reports, journals, and online databases.

Findings - The authors contend that despite the significance of women's role in preventing and countering violent extremism, the gender perspective is glaringly absent in the current Malaysian PVE/CVE initiatives.

Novelty - There is a dearth of research on the involvement of women in violent extremism in Malaysia, and their role in PVE/CVE. This paper is very useful in contributing to the existing literature on the role of women in PVE/CVE efforts and beneficial for policy-makers and law enforcement agencies in curbing such criminality.

Type of Paper - Review.

Keywords: Violent Extremism; Terrorism; Women; Law; Countering Violent Extremism; Preventing Violent Extremism

JEL Classification: K10; K14; K19

Suggested Citation

Hamin, Zaiton and Kamaruddin, Saslina, When Women are the Criminals: Governing Violent Extremism in Malaysia Via ‘Hard’ and ‘Soft’ Modalities (February 20, 2019). Global J. Bus. Soc. Sci. Review 7 (1) 48 – 53 (2019), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3352536

Zaiton Hamin (Contact Author)

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) - Faculty of Law ( email )

Shah Alam, Selangor DE, 40450
Malaysia
0192513755 (Phone)

Saslina Kamaruddin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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