A Field Too Crowded? How Measures of Market Structure Shape Nonprofit Fiscal Health
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 47(3): 453-473. DOI: 10.1177/0899764018760398
36 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2019
Date Written: 2018
This paper explores how various dimensions of market structure, often used to measure organizational crowding, affect the fiscal health of nonprofit organizations. Using 2011 NCCS nonprofit sector data, our findings generally support population ecology’s model of a curvilinear relationship between density and days of spending. However, we also find that single dimensions of market structure do not fully capture the effects of market competition. While increasing density has a negative effect on the fiscal health of organizations in markets in which resources are more evenly distributed among actors, in markets in which resources are less evenly distributed among actors, increasing density of organizations has a positive effect on organizational fiscal health. These results are sensitive to different specifications of fiscal health and field of nonprofit activity.
Keywords: carrying capacity, population ecology, market structure, fiscal health, empirical
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