Comparison of Blood Flow in Normal and Plaque Coronary Models Using Numerical Simulation

11 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2019

See all articles by Rupali Pandey

Rupali Pandey

Department of Mathematics, Motilal Nehru National Instituteof Technology,Allahabad,Prayagraj(UP)-211004,,India

Manoj Kumar

Department of Mathematics, Motilal Nehru National Instituteof Technology,Allahabad,Prayagraj(UP)-211004,,India

Vivek Kumar Srivastav

Motihari College of Engineering - Department of Mathematics

Date Written: March 20, 2019

Abstract

In the present paper, simulation of blood flow in human heart is performed using angiography images of a healthy person. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is used as a vital tool to carry out the numerical simulation of many biomedical problems. Artery blockage is the most common cause of coronary artery disease. Blockage presence inside the artery breaks the continuity of blood supply to the other part of body. Therefore, 50% plaque is created in the left coronary artery to study the flow behavior of blood Three dimensional reconstruction of coronary artery has been performed using commercial image processing software MIMICS. Five inlet velocities 0.10, 0.20, 0.50, 0.70 and 0.80 m/s are taken corresponding to different flow condition of blood in human heart. . Velocity and Wall shear stress are computed and compared for the two geometrical models (Normal Vs. Blockage model). The CFD prediction of blood flow in coronary artery is useful for diagnosis, prognosis and prevention from coronary artery diseases (CAD).

Suggested Citation

Pandey, Rupali and Kumar, Manoj and Srivastav, Vivek Kumar, Comparison of Blood Flow in Normal and Plaque Coronary Models Using Numerical Simulation (March 20, 2019). Proceedings of International Conference on Sustainable Computing in Science, Technology and Management (SUSCOM), Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur - India, February 26-28, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3356858 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3356858

Rupali Pandey (Contact Author)

Department of Mathematics, Motilal Nehru National Instituteof Technology,Allahabad,Prayagraj(UP)-211004,,India ( email )

Manoj Kumar

Department of Mathematics, Motilal Nehru National Instituteof Technology,Allahabad,Prayagraj(UP)-211004,,India ( email )

Vivek Kumar Srivastav

Motihari College of Engineering - Department of Mathematics ( email )

India

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