Government Ideology and Monetary Policy in OECD Countries

34 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2019

See all articles by Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Luisa Doerr

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Niklas Potrafke

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

We examine the extent to which government ideology has influenced monetary policy in OECD countries since the 1970s. In line with important changes in the global economy and differences across countries, regression results yield heterogeneous inferences depending on the time period and the exchange rate regime/central bank dependence of the countries in the sample. Over the 1972-2010 period, Taylor rule specifications do not suggest a relationship between government ideology and monetary policy as measured by the short-term nominal interest rate or the rate of monetary expansion minus GDP trend growth. Monetary policy was, however, associated with government ideology in the 1990s: short-term nominal interest rates were lower under leftwing than rightwing governments when central banks depended on the directives of the government and exchange rates were flexible. Very independent central banks, however, raised interest rates when leftwing governments were in office. We describe the historical evidence for several individual countries.

Keywords: government ideology, monetary policy, partisan politics, panel data

JEL Classification: D720, E520, E580, C230

Suggested Citation

Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata and Doerr, Luisa and Potrafke, Niklas, Government Ideology and Monetary Policy in OECD Countries (2019). CESifo Working Paper No. 7549, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3357126

Beata Smarzynska Javorcik (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

Manor Road Building
Manor Road
Oxford, OX1 3BJ
United Kingdom

Luisa Doerr

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Niklas Potrafke

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, 01069
Germany

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