比较视域下的中美欧自贸协定知识产权规则-兼论"一带一路"背景下中国规则的发展 (China’s Free Trade Agreement Approach to Intellectual Property: The Future of China’s Rules under the Belt and Road Initiative)
Law Science, (Fa Xue, published by East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai, 2019), Volume 2019, Issue 2, pp. 107-128 (In Chinese).
22 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2019
Date Written: January 21, 2019
Chinese Abstract: WTO 多边贸易谈判的停滞， 近年来区域主义开始盛行， 并催生出大量的区域贸易协定。其中， 以美国和欧盟为首的发达经济体加 大了推进自由贸易协定的进程， 所形成的自贸协定范式可能深刻变革未来的知识产权规则。受此影 响， "一带一路"倡议背景下的中国自贸协定知识产权规则是否以及如何形成自身范式便成为一个重 要的研究课题。一方面， 已形成成熟范式的欧美自贸协定具有显著的超 WTO 水平特征， 并且强调执 行机制。随着美欧知识产权规则总体趋向统一， "超 TRIPS 规则"有逐渐上升为国际规则之趋势； 另 一方面， 中国尚未形成自贸协定范式， 现有协定大体采 WTO 标准， 未来可考虑建立自贸协定知识产 权规则范本， 在此过程中， 应认真分析"超 TRIPS 规则"可能对权利保护与公共利益平衡的影响及其 正当性问题， 同时处理好法律移植与自主规则创新的关系。
English Abstract: Intellectual property rules have played an increasingly important role in international trade. Due to the problem in multilateral negotiations, free trade agreements (FTAs) of the US and EU may profoundly shape the future of world intellectual property law. The article analyses the following questions: what are the Chinese, US and EU approach to intellectual property under FTAs? Will China develop its own FTA model on intellectual property? On the one hand, the US and EU have developed their FTA model and is featured with WTO-plus obligations and stringent enforcement. They largely converge despite differences in areas such as geographical indications. On the other hand, China has not developed its own FTA model on intellectual property, and largely follows the WTO norms. China may consider its own model. This requires a careful balance between right protection and public interest, and between legal transplant and rule innovation.
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