Border Regimes and Indirect Productivity Effects from Foreign Direct Investment
29 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2019
Date Written: March 1, 2019
Supplying inputs to foreign affiliates is consistently found to be an important source of productivity gains for domestic firms. We analyse the impact of border regimes on the existence and size of cross-border indirect productivity effects, exploiting variation in the pace and extent of European integration of seven Central and Eastern European countries and their neighbours during the period 2000-2010. EU-membership is a necessary condition for positive cross-border indirect productivity effects through backward linkages. Schengen area participation further magnifies cross-border effects. Our results bear testimony to the successful EU integration of CEECs and warn about potential productivity costs to local firms should border restrictions be reinstated.
Keywords: FDI, Productivity, Spillovers, Borders
JEL Classification: F2, D24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation