On the Evolution of Multiple Jobholding in Canada
43 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2019 Last revised: 10 May 2019
Date Written: May 1, 2019
The number of workers who hold more than one job (a.k.a. multiple jobholders) has increased recently in Canada. While this seems to echo the view that non-standard work arrangements are becoming pervasive, the increase has actually been trivial compared to the long-run rise of multiple jobholding that has occurred since the mid-1970s. In this paper, we document this historical evolution and provide a comprehensive account of its underlying dynamics. To this end, we use restricted-access panel micro-data from the Canadian labour force survey to construct transition probabilities in and out of multiple jobholding. We analyze these data through the lens of a trend decomposition that separates out the role of labour market inflows and outflows. The picture that emerges from our analysis is one of continued increases in the propensity of workers to take on second jobs. We argue that changes in technology and preferences could both be responsible for this evolution.
Keywords: Non-Standard Work; Multiple Jobholding; Worker Flows; Trend Decomposition
JEL Classification: E24, J21, J22, J60
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation