The Link Between Ecosystem Services and Human Well Being in the Implementation of the European Water Framework Directive: Assessing Four River Basins in Europe
Ebun Akinsete, Stella Apostolaki, Nikos Chatzistamoulou, Phoebe Koundouri, and Stella Tsani, The Link between Ecosystem Services and Human Wellbeing in the Implementation of the European Water Framework Directive: Assessing Four River Basins in Europe, Water, 11(3), 2019, 508.
20 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2019
Date Written: March 22, 2019
This paper explores the relationship between the environment and human well being whilst considering water resource pressures in the context of ecosystem services, before assessing the management actions to facilitate human wellbeing under the European Union’s Water Framework Directive (WFD). By focusing on four river basins in four European countries currently working to implement the WFD, we explore the effects of multiple pressures faced within each one on human well being. Under an Ecosystem Services framework, we identify those effects and consolidate them into Human Well being Factors to assess the management actions. Then, by conducting a qualitative content analysis, we assess the effectiveness of each Program of Measures at river basin level and relate them to Human Well being Factors. Findings indicate that factors such as population growth trends intensify the effects of these pressures on human well being. Finally, the paper pinpoints that human well being must remain an ever-present consideration to be weighed against any other competing policy objectives.
Keywords: integrated river basin management; human wellbeing; ecosystem services; policy
JEL Classification: Q2; D00; H2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation