Residual Profit Allocation by Income
Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation Working Paper WP19/01
106 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2019 Last revised: 27 Aug 2019
Date Written: March 22, 2019
This paper is a draft chapter of a forthcoming book on the taxation of international business profit by the authors of this paper, to be published by Oxford University Press. The group has been meeting regularly for five years, to identify and discuss the key problems of the existing international tax system, and to develop potential options for reform. The book will study two proposals for reform in depth. One is the destination based cash flow tax – a draft chapter on this proposal has already been released. The second proposal – for a form of residual profit allocation - is presented here.
We refer to the proposal set out in this paper as a Residual Profit Allocation by Income, or RPA-I. The RPA-I allocates the right to tax routine profit to the country where functions and activities take place. It allocates the right to tax residual profit to the market, or destination, country where sales are made to third parties. We argue that the RPA-I has attractive properties – while it is far from perfect, it matches well the criteria by which we aim to evaluate proposals for tax reform: economic efficiency, fairness, robustness to avoidance, ease of implementation, and incentive compatibility.
Keywords: International Tax, Tax Reform, Transfer Pricing, Digitalisation, OECD, Transfer Pricing, Intangibles, Tax Avoidance, Tax Competition, Tax Havens, Profit Shifting
JEL Classification: H 20, H25, H26, H34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation