Hate Crimes and Gender Imbalances: Fears over Mate Competition and Violence against Refugees

Dancygier, Rafaela, Naoki Egami, Amaney Jamal, and Ramona Rischke. 2022. "Hate crimes and gender imbalances: fears over mate competition and violence against refugees." American Journal of Political Science 66(2): 501-515.

58 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2019 Last revised: 6 Sep 2022

See all articles by Rafaela M. Dancygier

Rafaela M. Dancygier

Princeton University - Department of Political Science; Princeton University - Princeton School of Public and International Affairs

Naoki Egami

Princeton University, Department of Politics

Amaney Jamal

Princeton University - Department of Political Science

Ramona Rischke

Humboldt University of Berlin - Berlin Institute for Integration and Migration Research

Date Written: March 23, 2019

Abstract

As the number of refugees rises across the world, anti-refugee violence has become a pressing concern. What explains the incidence and support of such hate crime? We argue that fears among native men that refugees pose a threat in the competition for female partners are a critical but understudied factor driving hate crime. Employing a comprehensive data set on the incidence of hate crime across Germany, we first demonstrate that hate crime rises where men face disadvantages in local mating markets. Next, we complement this ecological evidence with original survey measures and confirm that individual-level support for hate crime increases when men fear that the inflow of refugees makes it more difficult to find female partners. Mate competition concerns remain a robust predictor even when controlling for anti-refugee views, perceived job competition, general frustration, and aggressiveness. We conclude that a more complete understanding of hate crime and immigrant conflict must incorporate marriage markets and mate competition

Keywords: hate crime, refugees, immigration, ethnocentrism, inter-group conflict, sex ratios, marriage markets

JEL Classification: D74, J11, J12, J15, N34

Suggested Citation

Dancygier, Rafaela M. and Dancygier, Rafaela M. and Egami, Naoki and Jamal, Amaney and Rischke, Ramona, Hate Crimes and Gender Imbalances: Fears over Mate Competition and Violence against Refugees (March 23, 2019). Dancygier, Rafaela, Naoki Egami, Amaney Jamal, and Ramona Rischke. 2022. "Hate crimes and gender imbalances: fears over mate competition and violence against refugees." American Journal of Political Science 66(2): 501-515., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3358780 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3358780

Rafaela M. Dancygier (Contact Author)

Princeton University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Princeton, NJ 08544-1013
United States
609-258-4807 (Phone)

Princeton University - Princeton School of Public and International Affairs ( email )

Princeton University
Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
United States

Naoki Egami

Princeton University, Department of Politics ( email )

Princeton, NJ
United States

Amaney Jamal

Princeton University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Corwin Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544-1013
United States

Ramona Rischke

Humboldt University of Berlin - Berlin Institute for Integration and Migration Research ( email )

Mohrenstra├če, 40-41
Germany

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