Structural and Piezoelectric Characteristics of Pseudocubic Ceramics with Low Domain Wall Energies
46 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2019
Date Written: March 23, 2019
Structural and piezoelectric properties of PbZrO3-PbTiO3-Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics near the triple point composition, particularly characteristics of the pseudocubic phase, were investigated. The pseudocubic phase, which formed near the triple point composition, disappeared with increase in the PbZrO3 content. The pseudocubic structure was similar to the R3m rhombohedral structure. The tetragonal-pseudocubic morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) structure was developed during the tetragonal-to-cubic phase transformation. However, the rhombohedral phase directly transformed to the cubic phase, and the transformation did not involve the rhombohedral-pseudocubic MPB structure formation because the pseudocubic structure was similar to the rhombohedral structure. The specimens with pseudocubic phase and the specimens near pseudocubic phase exhibited nano-sized domains and small coercive electric fields, revealing their low domain wall energies. In addition, these specimens exhibited second-order ferroelectric-to-paraelectric phase transition and low Curie temperatures, confirming their low domain wall energies. The enhanced dielectric and piezoelectric properties of these specimens could be attributed to their low domain wall energies.
Keywords: Piezoelectricity, Ceramic material, Phase diagram, Nanodomains, Landau theory
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