What Flows Around Comes Around: Mean Reversion and Portfolio Flows
43 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2019 Last revised: 19 Jun 2019
Date Written: March 27, 2019
This paper investigates mean reversion properties of real effective exchange rates (REERs) using a semi-parametric quantile autoregression approach. This method accounts for non-normality and captures asymmetric and dynamic adjustments towards the REER's long run equilibrium, conditional on the size of the shock to the REER. Due to our tests' nonstandard limiting distribution, we apply a resampling procedure for robust inference. Using a sample of 29 countries over the period 1980-2017, we indeed show that the REER features non-linear mean-reverting tendencies following large shocks. The REER adjusts dynamically and asymmetrically towards its long run equilibrium, conditional on the size of the shock. We find half lives of less than one year in some cases for the most extreme quantiles. Additionally, panel regressions indicate that this behavior can be explained by portfolio flows. Large deviations in the REER from its long run mean are followed by debt portfolio flows from international investors. These flows are associated with an appreciation in the REER, conditional on the level of deviation and the shocks incurred, leading to faster mean reversion in REERs. In the most extreme quantile, the flows move the REER back towards its mean by 1.78% per month.
Keywords: Currency value, real effective exchange rates, purchasing power parity, currency returns, forward premium puzzle, uncovered interest rate parity, portfolio flows, balance of payments
JEL Classification: F31, F32, E01, E44, E71, G10, G11, G15, G40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation