Inexpensive Heating Reduces Winter Mortality

48 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2019

See all articles by Janjala Chirakijja

Janjala Chirakijja

Monash University

Seema Jayachandran

Northwestern University - Department of Economics

Pinchuan Ong

Northwestern University - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2019

Abstract

This paper examines how the price of home heating affects mortality in the US. Exposure to cold is one reason that mortality peaks in winter, and a higher heating price increases exposure to cold by reducing heating use. It also raises energy bills, which could affect health by decreasing other health-promoting spending. Our empirical approach combines spatial variation in the energy source used for home heating and temporal variation in the national prices of natural gas versus electricity. We find that a lower heating price reduces winter mortality, driven mostly by cardiovascular and respiratory causes.

Keywords: energy poverty, energy prices, fuel poverty, weather-related mortality, winter mortality

JEL Classification: I1, J14, Q41

Suggested Citation

Chirakijja, Janjala and Jayachandran, Seema and Ong, Pinchuan, Inexpensive Heating Reduces Winter Mortality (March 2019). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13603. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3360070

Janjala Chirakijja (Contact Author)

Monash University

23 Innovation Walk
Wellington Road
Clayton, 3800
Australia

Seema Jayachandran

Northwestern University - Department of Economics ( email )

2003 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

Pinchuan Ong

Northwestern University - Department of Economics ( email )

2003 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

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