Lithium-Containing Surface Pre-Reacted Glass Fillers in Reparative Dentin Formation
27 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2019 First Look: Accepted
Surface pre-reacted glass (S-PRG) fillers are new bioactive molecules used in dental clinic work to fill tooth defects. These fillers release various types of ions and exhibit high biocompatibility, antibacterial capability, reduced plaque accumulation, and enhanced osteoblast differentiation. We previously showed that cement S-PRG fillers could induce tertiary dentin formation in rat models. Previous work also showed that lithium ions can activate the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in vitro and induce dentin formation in pulpotomized teeth in vivo. In the current study, we sought to enhance the effect of S-PRG cement by incorporating LiCl. We show that treatment of human dental pulp stem cells with eluates from S-PRG/LiCl combination cements leads to an upregulation in cell migration, differentiation, and mineralization in vitro. In pulp-capping animal trials, we found that S-PRG/LiCl cements could induce tertiary dentin formation 28-days post-capping. At 7 days post-capping, we identified both β-catenin and Axin2 expression using immunofluorescence, indicative of Wnt/β-catenin signaling activity. In conclusion, S-PRG/LiCl cement is highly effective in promoting human dental pulp stem cells profiles and in enhancing reparative dentin formation in rat teeth through activation of the Wnt/β-catenin canonical signaling pathway.
Keywords: direct pulp capping, dentin regeneration, lithium chloride, S-PRG fillers, Wnt/β-catenin pathway
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