The Framework of Future Relations: Trade

DCU Brexit Institute - Working Paper N.4-2019

25 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2019

See all articles by Paola Mariani

Paola Mariani

Bocconi University - Department of Law

Giorgio Sacerdoti

Bocconi University - Department of Law

Date Written: March 27, 2019

Abstract

This paper explores the future EU-UK post-Brexit trade relations as they can be prefigured on the eve of the UK Parliament third final vote on the Withdrawal Agreement. In its first part, the paper provides a critical evaluation of the Article 50 TEU framework of EU-UK future trade relationship as it emerges by the stand taken by the parties during the negotiations and in the final acts. In its second part, the paper focuses on WTO constraints to the UK post-Brexit international trade with third countries, including those with which the EU has currently trade agreements in place, which will become inapplicable to the UK upon its exit from the EU.

The authors point out that it is the Irish backstop - the most sensitive political issue which is conditioning the whole phase of approval of the treaty in the UK – which is also the stumbling block to the ability of the UK post-Brexit to conduct an independent trade policy as sought by the Brexiters, since it implies the UK remaining bound by a custom union to the EU for an indefinite period.

In the light of their analysis the authors suggest an alternative solution, that of an “All-Ireland Common No-Custom Area” where products originating in Ulster and the Republic of Ireland would freely circulate in the island, based upon the “frontier traffic” exception of Art. XXIV.3(a) of the GATT.

Keywords: Backstop, Brexit, European Union, Northern Ireland, World Trade Organization

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Mariani, Paola and Sacerdoti, Giorgio, The Framework of Future Relations: Trade (March 27, 2019). DCU Brexit Institute - Working Paper N.4-2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3361061 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3361061

Paola Mariani (Contact Author)

Bocconi University - Department of Law ( email )

Via Roentgen, 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

Giorgio Sacerdoti

Bocconi University - Department of Law ( email )

Via Roentgen, 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
36
Abstract Views
200
PlumX Metrics