Long Overdue: An Adequacy Cost Study in West Virginia

20 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2019

See all articles by Joshua E. Weishart

Joshua E. Weishart

West Virginia University - College of Law; West Virginia University - John D. Rockefeller School of Policy and Politics

Date Written: March 27, 2019

Abstract

West Virginia is among a small minority of states using a resource-based school funding formula that determines the costs of operating schools in each district based primarily on student enrollment. This "foundation allowance" insufficiently accounts for the educational needs of all children--low-income, at-risk, gifted, special needs--and lacks any basis in educational research. Indeed, there has never been been a comprehensive, nonpartisan, empirical study of the actual costs of providing a constitutionally adequate education to all West Virginia children. Such adequacy costs studies have been conducted since the early 1990s, and over 100 have been commissioned in 41 states and DC, including all of West Virginia's neighboring states.

This white paper makes the case for a West Virginia adequacy cost study in keeping with state constitutional law and in the interests of sound education policy.

Keywords: education, school funding, school finance, adequacy, equity, adequacy cost study, cost study, state constitution, West Virginia

JEL Classification: I22, I24, I28, K19, K39

Suggested Citation

Weishart, Joshua E., Long Overdue: An Adequacy Cost Study in West Virginia (March 27, 2019). WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2019-009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3361212 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3361212

Joshua E. Weishart (Contact Author)

West Virginia University - College of Law ( email )

101 Law School Drive
Morgantown, WV West Virginia 26506
United States

West Virginia University - John D. Rockefeller School of Policy and Politics

PO Box 6025
Morgantown, WV 26506
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
16
Abstract Views
339
PlumX Metrics